English Grammar #4: Future tenses

Grammar #4: Future tenses

There are no specific tenses to express the future in English. There are several ways to express the future. In this article we’ll focus on three main ways referring to the future: will, be going to, present continuous and present simple.

How to form them?

WILL

Will is the modal verb that expresses future. It does not change with the subject and is used with an infinitive verb.

PRONOUNS WILLINFINITIVE VERBS
I
will / ’ll
will not / won’t
become a pilot
Youwill / ’ll
will not / won’t
fly
He
She
It
will / ’ll
will not / won’t
pay airport fees
Wewill / ’ll
will not / won’t
go to the airport
Youwill / ’ll
will not / won’t
buy a new aircraft
Theywill / ’ll
will not / won’t
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Shall can be used when the subject is in the first person (I and we) instead of will. Shall is more formal than will.
It is mostly used in questions to suggest and offer something.
– Shall we dance?
– Shall I call the tower?

BE GOING TO

To be is put at the present tense and followed by going to and an infinitive verb.

PRONOUNSBE GOING TOINFINITIVE VERBS
Iam going to take flying lessons
Youare going tocross the runway
He
She
It
is going tofly to England
Weare going tocheck in
Youare going tostart acrobatic evolutions
Theyare going towork in the US

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

The present continuous is formed with to be at the present tense followed by an infinitive verb with an ING ending.

PRONOUNS


PRESENT CONTINUOUS
TO BE + INFINITIVE-ING
Iam flying
Youare flying
He
She
It
is flying
Weare flying
Youare flying
Theyare flying

How to use them

WILL + infinitiveBE GOING TO + infinitivePRESENT CONTINUOUSPRESENT SIMPLE
Unplanned and spontaneous future event, something you’ve just decidedIntentions, something that has already been decidedSolid arrangements and plansTimetabled events
- The aircraft has run out of fuel, I’ll go to the station to refill it.
- I’ll come with you.
-They’re going to buy a new aircraft next year.
- She’s going to become an air hostess.
- I’m spending Christmas in New York.
- He’s meeting the doctor tomorrow.
- The plane takes off at three pm.
- I leave Frankfurt at 5 am and arrive in New York at midnight the next day.
PredictionsPredictions : when you can see that something is likely to happen
- I think he’ll win the race.
-I’m sure he’ll become a pilot.
- Look at those clouds! It’s going to rain.
- Look! A plane is going to crash.
Promises and offers
- I’ll drive you to the airport tomorrow.
-They’ll help you with the maintenance of your plane.

TIME TO PLAY !!!